Are you a coffee addict? If so, you may have noticed that a lot of coffee roasters use the words "100% Arabica" on their coffee bags to entice customers to purchase their coffee. Do Arabica beans make any difference or is it just marketing hype? In this article, we will be going over some of the main differences that you will find between the two main coffee species.
Arabica Or Robusta Coffee Differences:
This is easily the most commonly known difference and the easiest way to differentiate between the two coffee species. Robusta typically has the taste of being more burnt whereas Arabica is more bitter. One of the main reasons on why Robusta beans are not as tasty as Arabica beans is because it contains a lot more caffeine in each bean. In fact, the difference is almost double.
The price of Robusta beans is always going to be lower than Arabica. They are the least sought after beans and they are typically grown in areas like South East Asia. Arabica beans are the most sought after beans in coffee and they are typically produced in eternal spring like climates such as Central and South America.
3. Sensitivity To Insects.
Another huge difference in both beans is that Robusta is typically less sensitive to insects. The reason is because it contains a lot more caffeine and this acts as somewhat of a chemical defense mechanism for the seeds. The quantity contained within each seed is toxic to bugs and insects. This makes Arabica beans much harder to tend to on the farm because they require a lot more attention and maintenance.
4. The Shape.
There is also prominent differences in the shape of the beans. Robusta beans are actually much more circular in shape, whereas Arabica beans tend to be more oval.
5. Plant Height.
Another prominent difference to the grower (not the consumer) is in the plant height. The plant height of Arabica beans are typically much lower than Robusta.
Around 75% of the entire worlds coffee production is actually Arabica. Only around 25% of the cultivation consists of Robusta beans. This is because it is less sought after and it is less profitable to the farmers. Brazil is actually the largest producer of Arabica beans and Vietnam actually produces the most Robusta beans in the world.
As you can see, there are plenty of differences between the two types of coffee species. The one that you prefer is ultimately going to come down to personal taste. A lot of people think that Arabica beans are higher quality and that they taste better. This is why they are more sought after on the market and it is also why a lot of coffee roasters emphasize the fact that their coffees are not blends of the two but 100% pure Arabica. A lot of other coffee roasters might blend the two to impact the taste in one way which some people may actually prefer.